Daniel Buhr (April 2015): Industry 4.0 – a digitised and networked production – is still a vision, but global competition for the best ideas and most successful concepts is already steaming ahead. In order to understand Industry 4.0, Daniel Buhr outlines the vision behind the concept, the impact on society and the tasks for a successful innovation policy. Buhr argues that society will play a major role in the innovation process as driver of technical and social innovations. Systemic innovation policy is needed which includes firms, unions, civil society and academia, besides mere policy-makers. Only a holistic approach to Industry 4.0 allows technical innovation to contribute to social progress.