Publications

| Security and Defense | Publication

Cybersecurity: a case for a European approach

Everyday civilian and military activities have become highly dependent on cyberspace. This creates new vulnerabilities both to accidents and to intentional threats. Malevolent individuals and organisations may, without any physical presence, infiltrate all possible networks, including the most sensitive ones. Every individual as well as governmental, non-governmental and business organisation may be targeted. Hence the growing concern for cybersecurity, which reflects the changes taking place in broader approaches to security - from the security of nations and territories to the security of individuals and communities.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

Libya: security, economic development and political reform

Given Libya's everyday anarchy and violence, there is a strong temptation to take a “security first” approach. Yet this would repeat a principal weakness of European policy between the fall of Gaddafi and the start of the civil war. After 2011, European policy in Libya was based upon heavy doses of “local ownership”, in reaction to the failures of the top-down approach in Iraq. This ran up against the limited capacity of the Libyan government to assess its needs, let alone to devise overall policies for which to request international assistance.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

EU Approaches to Justice in Conflict and Transition

This paper examines EU approaches to justice for gross human rights violations in conflict- affected environments. It starts with a discussion of the significance of justice from a human security perspective and emphasises how a spectrum of abuse and criminality – human rights abuse, organised crime, corruption – is at the heart of today’s conflicts. The paper then assesses

EU justice policies and practices in relation to three human security principles: the primacy of human rights, a bottom-up approach and a regional approach.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

EU Policies in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Try and Fail?

This paper argues that even though EU policies in the DRC integrated different components of human security – namely human rights protection, the restoration of law and order, and effective multilateralism – in practice these policies have had mixed success in realizing the objective of human security. This can be explained by three main reasons: (i) EU policies are based on a number of premises about how peace and human security can best be achieved, but these premises are overly simplistic, and in most cases tend to overlook or are disconnected from complexities on the ground; (ii) since the end of the transition in 2006, the EU saw its influence as dominant diplomatic and conflict management actor gradually weakening, and has focused on its role as a development actor, with a specific focus on the implementation of technical projects...


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| Security and Defense | Publication

Rethinking the EU Strategy towards Conflict - The Berlin Report

FES London and LSE (February 2016): Europe in the twenty-first century finds itself in the midst of interlocking crises. The EU as a new type of 21st century political institution should be equipped with a set of second generation human security instruments, as the Berlin Report states. This report is the result of a joint project of FES London and the LSE and provides a new framework for a common European Foreign and Security Policy, aiming at the stabilisation and sustainable resolution of ongoing conflicts.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

Human Security and Sanctions, from Security to Governance: Strengthening EU Capacities and Involving the locals

The European Union (EU) has resorted to sanctions on several occasions in the last two decades, led by the assumption that restrictive measures would be less invasive and harmful than war. This paper discusses sanctions from a human security perspective. Specifically, it assesses the extent to which the EU has been aligned with a human security approach in using restrictive measures. The paper examines EU sanctions practice in relation to two principles of human security: human rights and a bottom-up approach.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

Why Europe’s border security approach has failed – and how to replace it

Despite Europe’s mass investments in border controls, people keep arriving along the continent’s shores under desperate circumstances. European attempts to ‘secure’ the borders have quite clearly failed, yet more of the same response is again rolled out in response to the escalating ‘refugee crisis’. Amid the deadlock, this paper argues that we need to grasp the mechanics of the European ‘border security model’ in order to open up for a shift.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

The role of the EU in the Syrian conflict

This report traces the EU’s policy response to the conflict in Syria. It argues that in the EU’s efforts to assert influence against the Assad regime through threatening – and eventually – withdrawing from EU-Syrian partnership agreements and imposing

sanctions, the EU has actually reduced its influence in the region. Instead this dis-engagement has exposed the EU to increasing humanitarian costs (particularly with the refugee crisis), and increasing threat of extremism. This report thus considers what the EU should do in responding to the conflict in Syria, particularly in engaging with justice approaches to conflict resolutions, including an engagement with civil society.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

EU in the Western Balkans: Hybrid Development, Hybrid Security and Hybrid Justice

This paper analyses multiple policy instruments used by the EU and their effects in the Western Balkans from a conflict networks perspective, developed by the authors. The conflict network perspective is an agential approach to the effects of networks on peacebuilding outcomes that analyzes relations rather than actors or categories. It allows us to capture an enduring character

of relations developed through war-time violence which are sustained and reworked in the context of a local political authority in response to the international peace-building efforts.


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| Security and Defense | Publication

A Human Security Strategy for the European Union in the Horn of Africa

This paper confronts the challenges of developing a European Union human security strategy for the Horn of Africa (HoA). It observes that the EU already has a broad strategy of regional engagement, driven by strategic interests, but there is a need for greater coherence and prioritization to respond to the specific forms and logics of governance that shape security in this region and to emerging security threats. It provides an overview of the history, geography and politics of the HoA and examines EU policy, and differences between its perspectives and those of the governments of the HoA, and civil society.


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Latest Events

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    Love Thy Country - Can Patriotism be Reclaimed by the Left?

    In this podcast, Another Europe and guests discuss a perennial question for the left today: can place, nationality and patriotism play a part in...

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  • Thursday, 27.02.20 - London | The Good Society | Event

    The Good Society – Strategic Positioning of the Left

    Following the tenth anniversary of the multi-faceted debate on how to build the Good Society as a project for the democratic Left, FES London hosted a...

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  • Thursday, 21.11.19 - London | Event

    18th British-German Trade Union Forum

    FES London held its annual Trade Union Forum at UNISON in London, hosting delegates from British and German trade unions.

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